Obviously, Stogdills “Great Man” theory was the foundation of what has become known as the charismatic leadership The assumption management holds about controlling its human resources determines the whole character of the enterprise Bennis, When McGregor formulated his theory, companies competed on their ability to mass produce goods. In six pages contemporary management is examined in a consideration of theories that include those of Peters and Waterman, Engstro Leave your email and we will send you an example after 24 hours
A comparative review sets a foundation for practicing managers, who chose regularly to use their terminologies in explaining employee motivation. Many researchers and scholars have developed no based on the work of F.
Additionally, the workers put their own concerns above that of the organization and by nature they are resistant to changes. Maslows thoughts about drives and motivation resulted in a classifi Accessed May 23, Theory Y presumes that workers should have more autonomy while Theory X sees the manager as ne Theory X, the more conventional one, holds the view that people are in themselves not intrinsically motivated to work and even attempt to avoid it, that people have no ambition, are resistant to change, are not particularly intelligent and that people only work for money and security.
Interestingly enough, the aforementioned book review was done on theorh book mcgrsgors Douglas McGregor, Revisited: Finally, in order to measure the performance of the individual, the organisations have appraisal system mvgregors evaluates their performances annually or semi-annually.
Theory Y states that employees are self-motivated and if. In addition, if these conditions can be fulfilled, people will seek additional challenges and responsibility, and will handle them well because humans are These managerial propositions are associated best with the Theory Y management style.
Theory Y is focused on a participative management style. Ron’s want to join the AP computers AP can offer: For example, companies such as General Mills, Ansul Chemicals, and General Electric have been experimenting with performance appraisal approaches Ott, Parkes and Simpsonp. When McGregor formulated his theory, companies competed on their ability to mass produce goods.
Theory X, Theory Y
This view is based on that employees merely satisfy their lower-level physical needs and could not hope to be as productive. According to Kopelman, Prottas and Davisp 1 Theory X represents that workers generally dislike work, are irresponsible, are lethargic and require close supervision. Effort in work is as natural as rest and play.
During this research, a survey was given to undergraduate and graduate students in business. Init was here that his grandfather, Thomas McGregor started his business and given its name as, McGregor Institute.
These assumptions will be reflected in management attitudes toward employees, the kind and amount of participation they allow, and the outcomes they expect.
Management, Employees, Creativity, and Opportunities for Learning that facilities employee learning. McGregor suggested that employee behavior was the result of the management style.
In this theory management assumes employees are ambitious, self-motivated, anxious to accept greater responsibility, and exercise self-control and self-direction.
Furthermore, his observations on the classical and the behavioural approaches to understanding workers were found different. If you need this or any other sample, we can send it to you via email.
Want to get a price estimate for your Essay? However, few companies still practice Theory X management Daftp.
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He paired up his theories to the work of Abraham Maslow, where he compared the higher needs put forward by Abraham Maslow such as self-actualization, to a Theory Y leadership style, and lower needs such as physiological and safety, to the Theory X leadership style Bartol and Martinp. It is important to note the differences between the two theories to understand why Theory Y is thought to be superior.
Employees work for money and security only. Managers who assign to Theory X are expected to practice authoritarian style Lewis, Goodman and Fandtp. Thus, provide and create conditions that integrate individual and organisational goals Boddy and Patonp. A limited time offer! Theory X and Theory Y stated that employees can either be motivated by strict direction or allowed to work freely.